DUoS cover the cost of operating and maintaining a safe and reliable electricity infrastructure between the transmission system and end users such as homes and businesses.
All DUoS charges are set by DNOs.
DUoS (Distribution Use of System) charges may consist of:
- Availability charge – Also known as KVA and Agreed Supply Capacity (ASC) charge. This is the charge for the power capacity held available for a supply point. It is charged in £/kVa/day whether you use it or not.
- Excess availability charge – Is charged if the Agreed Supply Capacity is exceeded. If the capacity is breached and excess power is used, this is chargeable as an excess availability capacity charge. It’s important that you set your kVA at the correct level, so you do not pay for capacity that you don’t need. You can contact your local DNO directly to discuss your kVA requirements.
- Reactive power – Reactive power is a measure of “non-working” power. Some electrical equipment, typically motors and transformers, require reactive power to function effectively. Reactive power is chargeable if it exceeds limits set by the DNO. If your site has a poor power factor (ratio of active power to reactive power), it is possible to mitigate these costs by installing Power Factor Correction equipment.
- Daily charge or Standing charge – This is a charge set by your supplier which must be paid, regardless of your energy usage. This covers the cost involved in distributing and supplying energy to you, as well as maintaining the infrastructure required to do this.
- Unit rates – There are three-time band periods in which these rates are split into; Red, Amber and Green. We use the time banding that is created by the regional distribution companies. These will differ depending upon the company supplying that region.
Depending on the meter type and the product supplied some or all of these charges will be payable.
The scale and time-bandings of DUoS charges can vary from region to region, but the red scale of charges is applied to the electricity used at ‘peak’ times where there is the most demand; between 16:00-19:00, Monday to Friday.
This is the highest charged period for DUoS. If you want to pay lower DUoS charges, you can try to use less electricity during peak times.